Greiningarlykill að ættkvíslum grasa

Skrifað um March 20, 2013 · in Flóra · 267 Comments

 

Myndin sýnir smáax á ilmreyr. a: axagnir; b: blómagnir, fræflar og fræni, axagnir hafa verið fjarlægðar. Teikn. ÁHB.

Myndin sýnir smáax á ilmreyr. a: axagnir; b: blómagnir, fræflar og fræni, axagnir hafa verið fjarlægðar. Teikn. ÁHB.


KULDAKASTIÐ síðustu viku hefur haldið aftur af plöntunum, sem voru í þann mund að komast af stað í hlýindum í apríl-mánuði. (Skrifað í maí 2013.) Rétt örlar á krónublöðum vetrarblómsins, bæði suður við Kleifarvatn og í Úlfarsfelli, og hafa þau ekkert breytzt síðast liðnar vikur. Vetrarblómið þarf vart nema 2 eða 3 daga hlýja til þess að blómin spretti fram. Þegar þau eru komin, líður vart nema rúm vika þar til krækilyng blómgast.
Fjölær grös eru gædd þeirri náttúru að hefja vöxt um leið og kuldinn linar tökin. Vaxtarbrumin liggja í sverðinum tilbúin til þess að taka við sér, eins og sést greinilega, ef menn klóra í svörðinn. Þó mun líða nokkur tími þangað til að þau taka að skríða.
En ekki er ráð nema í tíma sé tekið. Eg tók mig því til og reyndi að fínpússa greiningarlykil að ættkvíslum íslenzkra grasa, sem lengi hefur legið í tölvunni og lent í útideyfu. Lykillinn leiðir aðeins til ættkvísla, nema þegar aðeins ein tegund er innnan kvíslar. Eftir er að semja lykil að tegundum, þegar fleiri en ein tegund kemur til greina, svo og lýsingar á hverri tegund. Óvíst er, hvenær það verður tilbúið.
Greining byggist að miklu leyti á gerð blómsins. Um grasa-blóm er fjallað hér. Til upprifjunar er hér mynd, sem sýnir alla helztu hluta blómsins.

 

Myndin sýnir a: smáax og helztu hluta þess, b: þrjú blóm, c: neðri axögn, d: efri axögn, e: neðri blómögn, f: efri blómögn, g: blómhluta: frævu með 2 fræni, 3 fræfla og tvær næragnir, g: næragnir, h: korn. Teikn. ÁHB

Myndin sýnir a: smáax og helztu hluta þess, b: þrjú blóm, c: neðri axögn, d: efri axögn, e: neðri blómögn, f: efri blómögn, g: blómhluta: frævu með 2 fræni, 3 fræfla og tvær næragnir, h: næragnir, i: korn. Teikn. ÁHB

Þá minni eg á, að í bók minni Íslensk flóra með litmyndum (Rvík 1983 og 1994) er mjög einfaldur lykill að algengustu grastegundunum.

 

 

Lykill að ættkvíslum:

Aðallykill

1 Puntur blaðgróinn ……………………………………………………………………. Lykill A
1 Puntur ekki blaðgróinn, fjölgar sér með fræi ………………………………………. 2
2 Smáöxin ekki öll eins; eitt tvíkynja og 2-6 karlkynja (eða geld) umhverfis (mjög sjaldgæfir slæðingar) ……….. ……………………………………………………………………………. 3
2 Smáöx öll eins eða mjög lík hvert öðru …………………………………………….. 4
3 Tvíkynja smáaxið situr eftir, þegar hin eru fallin af; axpuntur……………………….. . ……………………………………………………………………………. kambgras (Cynosurus cristatus)
3 Smáöxin falla af samtímis; puntur eða axpuntur ……………………………………….. ……………………………………………………………………… strandreyr (Phalaris og Phalaroides)
4 Smáöx legglaus og sitja oftast í einu samsettu axi eða fáum (mjög sjaldgæfur slæðingur) ………. ……………………………………………………………………………………………. 5
4 Smáöx leggjuð, á stundum mjög stuttleggjuð …………………………………… 6
5 Eitt samax, getur verið með hliðargrein með einu smáaxi ……………. Lykill B
5 2-5 samöx, einær slæðingur, sjaldgæfur í gróðurhúsum …………………………………………………………………………….. fingurax (Digitaria ischaemum)
6 Smáöx einblóma ……………………………………………………………………… Lykill C
6 Smáöx með tvö eða fleiri blóm (sum kannski geld) …………………………… 7
7 Slíðurhimna ummynduð í hárkrans (mjög sjaldgæfar tegundir) …………. 8
7 Slíðurhimna er ekki leyst upp í hárkrans …………………………………………… 9
8 Blóm umkringd silkihárum; stórvaxinn, sjaldgæfur slæðingur ………………. ………………………………………………………………………………… þakreyr (Phragmites australis)
8 Blóm án hára; mjög sjaldgæf tegund …… knjápuntur (Danthonia decumbens)
9 Neðsta/neðra blómið í smáaxi karlblóm eða gelt ………………………………. 10
9 Neðsta blómið í smáaxi tvíkynja (greinilega margblóma smáax) ………….. 13
10 Smáax 2-blóma, neðra blómið karlblóm eða gelt, efra blómið kvenblóm eða tvíkynja; mjög sjaldgæf tegund …………. ……… ……. ginhafri (Arrhenatherum elatius)
10 Smáax 3-blóma með tvö karlblóm eða ófrjó blóm og miðblómið tvíkynja ….. 11
11 Puntur opinn og gisinn, mógljáandi; neðstu blóm karlblóm ………………………….. … …………………………………………………………………………………….reyrgresi (Hierochloë odorata)
11 Puntur aflangur, gulgljáandi eða fjólubláleitur; neðstu blóm ófrjó ………. 12
12 Agnir títulausar, sjaldgæfir slæðingar ….. strandreyr (Phalaris og Phalaroides)
12 Agnir með títu; mjög algeng tegund um land allt ……… ilmreyr (Anthoxanthum odoratum)
13 Smáax hjartalaga, hangandi; með kúptar, snubbóttar agnir; mjög sjaldgæf tegund ……………. ……………………………………………………………………….. hjartapuntur (Briza media)
13 Smáax og agnir öðru vísi ………………………………………………………………………. 14
14 Agnir með títu sem skagar minnst 2 mm fram úr smáaxinu …………. Lykill D
14 Agnir án títu eða með títu sem nær ekki 2 mm fram úr smáaxinu ……… Lykill E

Lykill A
Grös með blaðgróin blóm.
1 Blöð nærri þráðlaga, að minnsta kosti hin neðstu ………….. vinglar (Festuca)
1 Blöð flöt ………………………………………………………………………… 2
2 Agnir með títu ……………………………………………………… puntir (Deschampsia)
2 Agnir án títu ……………………………………………………… sveifgrös (Poa)

Lykill B
Grös með smáöx í einu axi.

1 Smáax einhliða, mjótt; neðri axögn lítil eða vantar, engin efri axögn. Blöð þráðmjó …. …… ……………………………………………………………. finnungur (Nardus stricta)
1 Smáax tvíhliða, önnur eða báðar axagnir greinilegar. Blöð flöt ……………. 2
2 Smáax snýr röðinni að blómskipunarlegg (axhelmu) …………. rýgresi (Lolium)
2 Smáax snýr flathlið að blómskipunarlegg (axhelmu) ……………………….. 3
3 2-6 smáöx við hvern lið á axhelmu ………………………………… 4
3 1 smáax við hvern lið á axhelmu …………………………………………………… 5
4 Smáax með 3-5 blóm, engar títur; grófgert gras …………………. melur (Leymus)
4 Smáax með 1-2 blóm, langar títur eða engar …………………….. bygg (Hordeum)
5 Axagnir sýllaga, með 0-1 rif; ræktuð tegund, stundum slæðingur ……… rúgur (Secale cereale)
5 Axagnir ekki sýllaga, með fleiri rif ……………………………………………………… 6
6 Rif á blómögnum eru samsíða; ræktuð tegund, stundum slæðingur……………. ….. ……………………………………………………………………………………………. hveiti (Triticum)
6 Rif á blómögnum renna saman við broddinn ……………………………………… 7
7 Jarðstöngull skriðull, liðalangur, marggreindur. Blöð snörp á efra borði en mjúk á neðra nema fremst. Blómagnir sléttar eða lítið hrjúfar yzt við rif ……. ……………………………………………………………………………….. húsapuntur (Elytrygia repens)
7 Jarðstöngull skriðull, lítt þroskaður. Blöð snörp beggja megin. Blómagnir greinilega hrjúfar eða hærðar …………………………………………………… villihveiti (Elymus)

Lykill C
Grös með einblóma smáax í axpunti eða punti.

1 Axagnir örsmáar eða vantar aðra eða báðar; 2-10 cm hátt gras til fjalla ……………………………. ……………………………………………. snænarvagras (Phippsia algida)
1 Axagnir greinilegar …………………………………………………………………………… 2
2 Puntur stór (15-30 cm á lengd), gisinn með langar greinar, keilulaga, blöð breið (0,6-1,5 cm); stórvaxnasta grasið hérlendis. Blómagnir gljáa …. skrautpuntur (Milium effusum)
2 Plantan öll minni. Blómagnir gljáa ekki ………………………………………………… 3
3 Axagnir með brodd eða títu …………………………………………. foxgrös (Phleum)
3 Axagnir hvorki með brodd né títu …………………………………………………… 4
4 Blómagnir ekki með títu ……………………………………………………………..5
4 Blómagnir með títu ………………………………………………………………………..7
5 Axagnir ná upp fyrir blómið; blómagnir himnukenndar, sléttar.. língresi (Agrostis)
5 Axagnir styttri en blómið. Blómagnir ekki himnukenndar (þó e.t.v. með himnujöðrum) …………. …. ……. …………………………………………………………………….. 7
6 Blómagnir hárlausar, hin neðri með þrjú greinileg rif. Puntgreinar beinast oft niður; skriðull jarðstöngull …………………………….. vatnsnarvagras (Catabrosa aquatica)
6 Blómagnir e.t.v. hærðar við grunn; hin neðri með ógreinileg rif ………………………………………… …. ………………………………. snænarvagras (Phippsia algida)
7 Axpuntur gildur,sívalur eins og kefli eða egglaga. Axagnir vaxnar saman að neðan ………………………. ………………………………………………………………… liðagrös (Alopecurus)
7 Puntur opinn; líkist hann axpunti er hann rósrauður, síðar blámóleitur eða gulmóleitur. Axagnir ekki samvaxnar ………………………………………………………………8
8 Löng hár umhverfis blómið utan yfir blómögnum. Axagnir um það bil jafnlangar ………………………………………………………………………….. hálmgresi (Calamagrostis neglecta)
8 Engin eða mjög stutt hár umhverfis blómið. Axagnir mislangar ………. língresi (Agrostis)

Lykill D
Grös með tví- eða margblóma smáax í axpunti eða punti. Agnir með títu, sem skaga að minnsta kosti 2 mm út úr smáaxinu.

1 Plöntur einærar (sjaldan tvíærar); engir blaðsprotar út frá stöngli; slæðingar … 2
1 Plöntur fjölærar, blaðsprotar út frá stöngli ………………………………………….. 3
2 Axagnir miklu styttri en smáaxið; broddur á blómögn; fræva hærð ……. faxgrös (Bromus)
2 Axagnir álíka langar og smáaxið; blóm tvíkynja, sum smáöx tvíblóma; sum blóm með títu, önnur ekki ….. ……………………………………………………………… hafrar (Avena)
3 Puntur greinastuttur, hnöttóttur eða egglaga, fjólubláleitur eða dökkblár; líkist axpunti. Eina grastegundin hér með himnukennd hlífarblöð sem lykja um puntinn ……………………………………………………………………………………… blátoppa (Sesleria albicans)
3 Puntur öðru vísi …………………………………………………………………………………. 4
4 Blómögn með títu út úr bakinu …………………………………………………………… 5
4 Blómögn hvorki með brodd né títu eða með brodd og títu út úr viki í oddinum . 9
5 Smáax 7-25 mm langt; lengsta títa 10-20 mm á lengd. Fræva þétthærð eða með hært viðhengi …………………………………………………………………………………………. 6
5 Smáax 3-7 mm langt; lengsta títa 5 mm á lengd. Fræva hárlaus eða fá hár nálægt enda ……. ………… …………………………………………………………………………………………. 7
6 Smáax með tvö eða fleiri frjó blóm með langar títur. Á efra borði blaða eru rákir af stórum frumum sitt hvoru megin við miðstreng …………………. dúnhafri (Avenula)
6 Smáax 2-blóma með eitt frjótt blóm með langa títu; ófrjótt blóm með stutta títu ………….. .. .. …………………………………………………………. ginhafri (Arrhenatherum elatius)
7 Axagnir mattar, lengri en blómin; plantan gráloðin af þéttum ullhárum …………………………………………………………………………………………. loðgresi (Holcus lanatus)
7 Axagnir gljáa, lítið eitt styttri en blómin ……………………………………………………. 8
8 Blóm standa jafn-hátt í smáaxinu; títa knébeygð, nær langt út …… ………………… . …………………………………………………………………………… bugðupuntur (Avenella flexuosa)
8 Annað blómið stendur hærra í smáaxinu; títa nær bein, nær lítið sem ekkert út úr smáaxinu …. ………………………………………………………………… puntir (Deschampsia)
9 Blaðslíður flöt; smáöxin skipa sér saman í þétt hnoðu á miðjum puntgreinum; slæðingur frá ræktun ……………………………………. axhnoðapuntur (Dactylis glomerata)
9 Blaðslíður sívöl; smáöx aldrei í hnyklum ……………………………………………. 10
10 Puntur þéttur, sívalur. Fræva hárlaus eða með fá hár í endann ……………. loðgresi (Trisetum)
10 Puntur opinn eða þéttur, þó aldrei sívalur. Fræva þétthærð í endann eða með hært viðhengi … ………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 11
11 Títa út úr skoru í oddi blómagnar eða baki; slæðingur ………. sandfax (Bromopsis inermis)
11 Títa út úr oddi á blómögn. Fræva hærð í endann (stækkun) …………………… 12
12 Blaðeyru við slíðurop lítil, ná ekki hring um stöngul, eða vantar alveg ……… …………………………………………………………………………………………………… vinglar (Festuca)
12 Blaðeyru við slíðurop stór, ná hring um stöngul … töðuvinglar (Schedonorus)

Lykill E
Grös með tví- eða margblóma smáax í axpunti eða punti. Agnir án títu, eða hún svo lítil, að hún nær ekki 2 mm út úr smáaxinu.

1 Plöntur einærar, engir blaðsprotar út frá stöngli; slæðingar …………………… 2
1 Plöntur fjölærar, blaðsprotar út frá stöngli ……………………………………………. 3
2 Smáax styttra en 10 mm ………………………………….. varpasveifgras (Poa annua)
2 Smáax lengra en 10 mm, oft hangandi ………………………………… hafrar (Avena)
3 Blómagnir og á stundum axagnir hafa greinilegan brodd eða títu …………… 4
3 Agnir hafa engan greinilegan brodd eða títu …………………………………………. 12
4 Smáöx með 4 eða fleiri blóm (undantekning færri) ……………………………….. 5
4 Smáöx með 1-3 blóm ………………………………………………………………………….. 8
5 Smáöx í opnum punti …………………………………………………………………………….. 6
5 Smáöx í þéttum kolli eða axpunti, einum eða mörgum ………………………… 11
6 Broddur út úr oddi blómagna. Fræva hærð efst (stækkun) ……………………. 7
6 Broddur út út skoru í oddi blómagnar eða baki. Fræva með hært viðhengi (stækkun) …… ………. … …………………………………………….. sandfax (Bromopsis inermis)
7 Blaðeyru við slíðurop lítil, ná ekki hring um stöngul, eða vantar alveg ….. vinglar (Festuca)
7 Blaðeyru við slíðurop stór, ná hring um stöngul …. töðuvinglar (Schedonorus)

8 Puntur greinastuttur, hnöttóttur eða egglaga, fjólubláleitur eða dökkblár; líkist axpunti. Eina grastegundin hér með himnukennd hlífarblöð sem lykja um puntinn ………………………………………………………………………………….. blátoppa (Sesleria albicans)
8 Puntur öðru vísi …………………………………………………………………………………. 9
9 Axagnir álíka langar og blómið ……………………………………………………………… 10
9 Axagnir 2 x lengri en blómið; plantan gráloðin af þéttum ullhárum ……………………. …………………………………………………………………………………….. loðgresi (Holcus lanatus)
10 Puntgreinar ekki bugðóttar; blöð flöt. Annað blómið stendur hærra í smáaxinu; títa nær bein, nær lítið sem ekkert út úr smáaxinu …. ………….. puntir (Deschamppsia)
10 Puntgreinar bugðóttar; blöð þráðmjó. Blóm standa jafn-hátt í smáaxinu; títa knébeygð, nær langt út …… ……………………………………… bugðupuntur (Avenella flexuosa)
11 Puntur greinastuttur, hnöttóttur eða egglaga, fjólubláleitur eða dökkblár; líkist axpunti. Eina grastegundin hér með himnukennd hlífarblöð sem lykja um puntinn ……………………………………………………………………………………. blátoppa (Sesleria albicans)
11 Blaðslíður flöt; smáöxin skipa sér saman í þétt, aðskilin hnoðu á miðjum puntgreinum, aldrei blálit; hávaxið gras, slæðingur frá ræktun …….. axhnoðapuntur (Dactylis glomerata)
12 Smáöx með 4 eða fleiri blóm (undantekning færri) ………………………………… 13
12 Smáöx með 1-3 blóm ………………………………………………………………………….. 18
13 Smáöxin skipa sér saman í þétt, aðskilin hnoðu á miðjum puntgreinum, aldrei blálit; hæavaxið gras, slæðingur frá ræktun …….. axhnoðapuntur (Dactylis glomerata)
13 Puntur opinn ………………………………………………………………………………… 14
14 Blómagnir með greinilegan kjöl; smáöx styttri en 1 cm; agnir bátlaga …….. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………. sveifgrös (Poa)
14 Blómagnir með hvelft bak …………………………………………………………………………. 15
15 Blómagnir með 7 eða fleiri rif (taugar); axagnir eitt …flóðapuntur (Glyceria fluitans)
15 Blómagnir með allt að 5 meira eða minna greinileg rif (taugar) ……………. 16
16 Blómagnir mjókka jafnt fram í odd ……………………………………………… 17
16 Blómagnir snubbóttar eða mjókka snögglega fram í odd ………………….. ….. ……………………………………………………………………………………………. fitjungar (Puccinellia)
17 Smáax styttra en 15 mm á lengd ………………………. töðuvinglar (Schedonorus)
17 Smáax lengra en 15 mm á lengd ……………………. sandfax (Bromopsis inermis)
18 Agnir hvelfdar. Blómögn með greinileg þrjú rif …………. ……………………… ……………………………………………………………………………vatnsnavagras (Catabrosa aquatica)
18 Agnir bátlaga. Blómögn með fimm rif, oft ógreinileg ………….. sveifgrös (Poa)

P.s. Viðbúið er, að hér leynist villur, og væri gott að fá að frétta af þeim.

Helztu heimildir:
Ágúst H. Bjarnason, 1983: Íslensk flóra með litmyndum. Rvík 1983
Stefán Stefánsson, 1948: Flóra Íslands. 3. útg. Akureyri 1948.
Johannes Lid og Dagny Tande Lid,2004: Norsk flora. 7. utgåva. Redaktør: R. Elven. Oslo 2004.
Nils Hylander, 1953: Nordisk kärlväxtflora. Stockholm 1953.
ÁHB / 20.3. 2013

 

Leitarorð:

267 Responses to “Greiningarlykill að ættkvíslum grasa”
  1. ronimmawn says:

    Amoxil Dosing For Sinus Infection cialis prices

  2. dyefume says:

    foro de kamagra on line ajanta pharma kamagra kamagra dr simi

  3. inerieLam says:

    plaquenil eye problems Licensed Mexican Pharmacy Online Shjwwy

  4. YonJab says:

    [url=https://ivermectinxxl.monster/]ivermectin virus[/url]

  5. TimothyKem says:

    buy liquid ivermectin stromectol uk buy ivermectin 1 topical cream

  6. TimothyKem says:

    ivermectin 50mg/ml order minocycline 50mg acne minocycline

  7. AbertAcume says:

    коли закінчиться війна в україні передбачення скільки триватиме війна в україні скільки триватиме війна

  8. BooJab says:

    [url=http://zestoretichydrochlorothiazide.quest/]hydrochlorothiazide 25 mg price in india[/url]

  9. EyeJab says:

    [url=http://clonidine.monster/]clonidine hydrochloride 0.1mg[/url]

  10. MarkJab says:

    [url=https://doxycycline.icu/]doxycycline 100 capsules[/url]

  11. WimJab says:

    [url=http://orderviagra100rx.monster/]canadian pharmacy sildenafil[/url]

  12. RwhShofs says:

    how much does sildenafil cost at walmart sildenafil vs sildenafil citrate

  13. AshJab says:

    [url=http://valacyclovir.today/]price of valtrex[/url]

  14. ZakJab says:

    [url=https://xivermectin.quest/]stromectol canada[/url]

  15. Anscomokeype says:

    buy generic viagra with paypal pill viagra

  16. Kwghkeype says:

    tadalafil pulmonary arterial hypertension difference between tadalafil and cialis

  17. Hi! This is kind of off topic but I need some help from an established blog.
    Is it hard to set up your own blog? I’m not very techincal but I can figure
    things out pretty quick. I’m thinking about setting up my own but I’m not sure where to start.
    Do you have any tips or suggestions? With thanks

  18. Crgbroady says:

    ivermectin 3mg tablets price ivermectin lice

  19. I really like what you guys tend to be up too. This type of clever work
    and exposure! Keep up the fantastic works guys I’ve incorporated you guys to my personal blogroll.

  20. Cehhroady says:

    ivermectin 0.08 oral solution ivermectin lotion for lice

  21. Attractive section of content. I just stumbled upon your
    blog and in accession capital to assert that I acquire in fact enjoyed account your blog posts.

    Anyway I’ll be subscribing to your feeds and even I achievement you access consistently fast.

  22. rdiet.ir says:

    Aw, this was an incredibly nice post. Spending
    some time and actual effort to produce a very good
    article… but what can I say… I hesitate a
    whole lot and don’t manage to get nearly anything done.

  23. When someone writes an paragraph he/she keeps the plan of a user
    in his/her mind that how a user can be aware of it.
    So that’s why this post is great. Thanks!

  24. It’s going to be ending of mine day, but before finish I am
    reading this impressive post to increase my experience.

  25. DgwiShofs says:

    ivermectin 3mg tablets ivermectin 500ml

  26. Kbwvkeype says:

    how to buy stromectol ivermectin usa

  27. Cbshroady says:

    ivermectin 3 mg tablet dosage stromectol generic

  28. Keezkeype says:

    liquid tadalafil side effects tadalafil dosages

  29. Cmmnroady says:

    cialis tadalafil generic tadalafil cipla

  30. Thankyou for this post, I am a big big fan of this web site would like to go on updated.

  31. Thank you, I’ve recently been searching for info about this subject for ages and yours is the greatest I’ve discovered till now. But, what about the conclusion? Are you sure about the source?

  32. I am writing to let you know of the remarkable encounter my wife’s daughter found studying yuor web blog. She realized a wide variety of pieces, not to mention what it is like to possess a wonderful giving mindset to get folks really easily master a variety of complicated things. You really exceeded her desires. Thank you for providing those good, trusted, educational and even cool thoughts on the topic to Emily.

  33. raincry says:

    After I originally commented I clicked the -Notify me when new feedback are added- checkbox and now every time a remark is added I get 4 emails with the same comment. Is there any method you’ll be able to take away me from that service? Thanks!

  34. Togel Online says:

    You are my intake, I have few blogs and rarely run out from to brand.

  35. school mop says:

    I have been absent for some time, but now I remember why I used to love this site. Thanks , I¦ll try and check back more frequently. How frequently you update your website?

  36. Great post. I was checking constantly this blog and I am impressed! Very helpful info particularly the last part 🙂 I care for such information a lot. I was looking for this certain information for a long time. Thank you and best of luck.

  37. I have been exploring for a little for any high quality articles or weblog posts in this sort of area . Exploring in Yahoo I finally stumbled upon this website. Reading this info So i?¦m satisfied to show that I have an incredibly good uncanny feeling I came upon exactly what I needed. I most unquestionably will make sure to do not disregard this web site and give it a glance regularly.

  38. web page says:

    Heya i am for the first time here. I found this board and I to find It truly helpful & it helped me out a lot. I am hoping to provide something back and help others such as you aided me.

  39. you are really a just right webmaster. The site loading speed is incredible. It sort of feels that you’re doing any distinctive trick. Moreover, The contents are masterpiece. you’ve performed a fantastic activity in this matter!

  40. web page says:

    Wonderful work! This is the type of information that should be shared around the internet. Shame on the search engines for not positioning this post higher! Come on over and visit my website . Thanks =)

  41. I was recommended this web site by my cousin. I’m not sure whether this post is written by him as no one else know such detailed about my trouble. You’re amazing! Thanks!

  42. Does your blog have a contact page? I’m having a tough time locating it but, I’d like to shoot you an e-mail. I’ve got some recommendations for your blog you might be interested in hearing. Either way, great site and I look forward to seeing it expand over time.

  43. Hey there this is kind of of off topic but I was wanting to know if blogs use WYSIWYG editors or if you have to manually code with HTML. I’m starting a blog soon but have no coding knowledge so I wanted to get guidance from someone with experience. Any help would be enormously appreciated!

  44. It?¦s actually a cool and useful piece of info. I?¦m glad that you simply shared this useful information with us. Please keep us up to date like this. Thank you for sharing.

  45. I don’t even understand how I ended up right here, however I assumed this submit was great. I don’t know who you might be however definitely you are going to a famous blogger if you aren’t already 😉 Cheers!

  46. JamesRhync says:

    Анонимная ССЫЛКА “наркологическая клиника ССЫЛКА “Нарко Рехаб” – работает в премиальном сегменте по доступным для пациентов ценам. Многолетний опыт специалистов центра анонимной наркологии и высший уровень медицинского оснащения больницы – позволяют оказывать качественные лечебные услуги для наркоманов и алкоголиков. Для пациентов нашего круглосуточного стационара 24/7 открыта бесплатная горячая линия по вопросам лечения, кроме того, чтобы вызвать нарколога на дом за 5 минут – и согласовать необходимую помощь с дежурным доктором. Статистика показывает, что наиболее востребованы среди населения Москве следующие услуги наркологической клиники.
    [url=http://anonimnoe-lechenie.ru/]Наркологическая клиника[/url]

  47. JebnShofs says:

    legit online pharmacy hydrocodone pharmacies canadian

  48. Stromurged says:

    [url=https://stromectolgf.online/#]cost of ivermectin pill[/url] ivermectin 6mg

  49. Thomasmuh says:

    [url=https://drwithoutdoctorprescription.site/#]prescription without a doctor’s prescription[/url] buy prescription drugs from canada

  50. Thomasmuh says:

    [url=https://drwithoutdoctorprescription.site/#]comfortis for dogs without vet prescription[/url] canadian medications

  51. When I initially left a comment I seem to have
    clicked the -Notify me when new comments are added- checkbox and from now on every time
    a comment is added I recieve four emails with the exact
    same comment. There has to be an easy method you can remove me from that
    service? Kudos!

  52. Thomasmuh says:

    [url=https://drwithoutdoctorprescription.com/#]without doctor prescription[/url] non prescription ed pills

  53. StephenRuG says:

    https://amoxilforsale.best/# amoxicillin generic brand

  54. Anthonyneash says:

    https://buylasix.icu/# generic lasix

  55. Anthonyneash says:

    https://buynolvadex.store/# tamoxifen alternatives

  56. Roberttut says:

    https://withoutprescription.store/# pain meds without written prescription

  57. Йип! кино смотреть онлайн. Iep!
    2010 год.. Фильм смотреть онлайн в хорошем качестве бесплатно фильмы.

    Смотреть лучшие фильмы онлайн в хорошем HD качестве.

  58. StevenEloth says:

    https://edpills.best/# top ed pills

  59. StevenEloth says:

    https://edpills.best/# buying ed pills online

  60. Davidbenia says:

    https://edpills.best/# erectile dysfunction drugs

  61. DanielNof says:

    [url=https://doxycyclineonline.store/#]cheap doxycycline[/url] doxycycline

  62. DarrellNeaft says:

    ed pills online otc ed pills

  63. StevenEloth says:

    https://stromectol.life/# buy stromectol

  64. Davidbenia says:

    https://doxycyclineonline.store/# doxycycline for dogs

  65. DarrellNeaft says:

    stromectol for sale stromectol 12 mg tablets

  66. DarrellNeaft says:

    viagra without a doctor prescription walmart ed supplements

  67. StevenEloth says:

    https://doxycyclineonline.store/# doxycycline without prescription

  68. StevenEloth says:

    https://edpills.best/# erection pills that work

  69. StevenEloth says:

    https://edpills.best/# treatments for ed

  70. DarrellNeaft says:

    clomid clomid

  71. DarrellNeaft says:

    new ed treatments best ed treatment pills

  72. Phillipcal says:

    stromectol 12 mg tablets stromectol 12 mg tablets

  73. Phillipcal says:

    stromectol for humans for sale order stromectol over the counter

  74. JamesFes says:

    https://stromectoltrust.com/# order stromectol over the counter

  75. Phillipcal says:

    stromectol 3mg tablets how to make ivermectin

  76. Phillipcal says:

    stromectol 12 mg tablets order stromectol over the counter

  77. Williambox says:

    stromectol 12 mg tablets order stromectol over the counter

  78. Robertvit says:

    https://stromectoltrust.com/# stromectol 12 mg tablets

  79. LarryUnido says:

    https://pharmacyizi.com/# ed prescription drugs

  80. LarryUnido says:

    https://pharmacyizi.com/# how to overcome ed

  81. Arthurtax says:

    https://pharmacyizi.com/# drugs and medications

  82. Arthurtax says:

    https://pharmacyizi.com/# natural ed cures

  83. LarryUnido says:

    https://pharmacyizi.com/# natural pills for ed

  84. RichardBeamp says:

    online drugs natural ed pills

  85. DouglasEmbam says:

    https://pharmacyizi.com/# buy anti biotics without prescription

  86. Arthurtax says:

    https://pharmacyizi.com/# canadian drugs

  87. LarryUnido says:

    https://pharmacyizi.com/# carprofen without vet prescription

  88. LarryUnido says:

    https://pharmacyizi.com/# canada ed drugs

  89. Arthurtax says:

    https://pharmacyizi.com/# pet meds without vet prescription canada

  90. Arthurtax says:

    https://pharmacyizi.com/# online drug store

  91. DouglasEmbam says:

    https://pharmacyizi.com/# top ed drugs

  92. LarryUnido says:

    https://pharmacyizi.com/# viagra without doctor prescription amazon

  93. LarryUnido says:

    https://pharmacyizi.com/# canadian online pharmacy

  94. GeorgeHoora says:

    https://allpharm.store/# canadapharmacy

  95. GeraldNep says:

    [url=https://erectionpills.shop/#]online ed medications[/url] ed treatment review

  96. GeraldNep says:

    [url=https://onlinepharmacy.men/#]reliable canadian pharmacy reviews[/url] legal canadian pharmacy online

  97. Matthewbuh says:

    https://erectionpills.shop/# ed medications online

  98. Matthewbuh says:

    https://erectionpills.shop/# erection pills that work

  99. GeraldNep says:

    [url=https://erectionpills.shop/#]ed medications[/url] non prescription erection pills

  100. GeraldNep says:

    [url=https://allpharm.store/#]canadadrugsonline[/url] online pharmacy busted

  101. GeorgeHoora says:

    https://onlinepharmacy.men/# cialis online pharmacy

  102. GeorgeHoora says:

    https://erectionpills.shop/# medicine for impotence

  103. GeraldNep says:

    [url=https://canadiandrugs.best/#]buy prescription drugs without doctor[/url] canada ed drugs

  104. GeraldNep says:

    [url=https://erectionpills.shop/#]erectile dysfunction pills[/url] pills erectile dysfunction

  105. GeorgeHoora says:

    https://allpharm.store/# canada prescriptions drugs

  106. GeraldNep says:

    [url=https://erectionpills.shop/#]medication for ed[/url] men’s ed pills

  107. EarnestFar says:

    best canadian pharmacies Lotrisone

  108. GeraldNep says:

    [url=https://allpharm.store/#]Atorlip-20[/url] Lotensin

  109. GeorgeHoora says:

    https://onlinepharmacy.men/# overseas online pharmacy

  110. GeraldNep says:

    [url=https://erectionpills.shop/#]best erectile dysfunction pills[/url] ed medication online

  111. GeorgeHoora says:

    https://allpharm.store/# meds online

  112. GeorgeHoora says:

    https://onlinepharmacy.men/# rx pharmacy online

  113. GeraldNep says:

    [url=https://canadiandrugs.best/#]tadalafil without a doctor’s prescription[/url] sildenafil without a doctor’s prescription

  114. Careyjak says:

    [url=https://stromectolbestprice.com/#]does ivermectin kill fleas[/url] ivermectin for demodex mites in humans

  115. Careyjak says:

    [url=http://stromectolbestprice.com/#]stromectol 6 mg dosage[/url] stromectol dosage for scabies

  116. JeffreyDok says:

    http://stromectolbestprice.com/# ivermectin near me

  117. JeffreyDok says:

    https://stromectolbestprice.com/# topical ivermectin for scabies

  118. Lelandemife says:

    ivermectin for small animals stromectol generic name

  119. JeffreyDok says:

    http://stromectolbestprice.com/# oral ivermectin rosacea

  120. Careyjak says:

    [url=https://stromectolbestprice.com/#]how can i get ivermectin[/url] ivermectin scabies success rate

  121. Careyjak says:

    [url=https://stromectolbestprice.com/#]ivermectin dosage for pigs[/url] ivermectin heartworm

  122. JeffreyDok says:

    http://stromectolbestprice.com/# ivermectin scabies treatment

  123. GerardIroky says:

    https://drugsbestprice.com/# prescription drugs without doctor approval

  124. GerardIroky says:

    https://drugsbestprice.com/# treatment for erectile dysfunction

  125. What i do not realize is in truth how you’re no longer actually much more smartly-preferred
    than you may be now. You are very intelligent.
    You recognize thus considerably on the subject of this matter, produced me individually
    imagine it from a lot of numerous angles. Its like women and men are not involved unless it’s something to do with Woman gaga!
    Your personal stuffs outstanding. At all times maintain it up!
    canada child OEM

    Here is my website … clinical trials white label (hamas.opoint.com)

  126. JamesJep says:

    [url=https://drugsbestprice.com/#]mexican pharmacy without prescription[/url] erectial disfunction

  127. JamesJep says:

    [url=https://drugsbestprice.com/#]erectial dysfunction[/url] homeopathic remedies for ed

  128. GerardIroky says:

    https://drugsbestprice.com/# ed meds online without doctor prescription

  129. Davidson says:

    [url=https://medrxfast.com/#]tadalafil without a doctor’s prescription[/url] best ed pills non prescription

  130. Davidson says:

    [url=https://medrxfast.com/#]how to get prescription drugs without doctor[/url] prescription meds without the prescriptions

  131. Dustinnem says:

    https://medrxfast.com/# mexican pharmacy without prescription

  132. asian303 says:

    Today, while I was at work, my sister stole my iPad and tested to see if it can survive a twenty five foot drop, just so she can be a youtube sensation. My iPad is now broken and she has 83 views.

    I know this is totally off topic but I had to share it
    with someone!

  133. MichaelNer says:

    anti fungal pills without prescription pain meds online without doctor prescription

  134. Dustinnem says:

    https://medrxfast.com/# best non prescription ed pills

  135. Davidson says:

    [url=https://medrxfast.com/#]cvs prescription prices without insurance[/url] prescription drugs online

  136. Davidson says:

    [url=https://medrxfast.com/#]best online canadian pharmacy[/url] buy prescription drugs online legally

  137. Dustinnem says:

    https://medrxfast.com/# prescription drugs online without

  138. Dustinnem says:

    https://medrxfast.com/# prescription drugs without prior prescription

  139. Dustinnem says:

    https://medrxfast.com/# sildenafil without a doctor’s prescription

  140. Davidson says:

    [url=https://medrxfast.com/#]pet meds without vet prescription[/url] best online canadian pharmacy

  141. Davidson says:

    [url=https://medrxfast.com/#]canadian online drugs[/url] prescription drugs without doctor approval

  142. Dustinnem says:

    https://medrxfast.com/# non prescription ed drugs

  143. Dustinnem says:

    https://medrxfast.com/# ed meds online canada

  144. Davidson says:

    [url=https://medrxfast.com/#]how can i order prescription drugs without a doctor[/url] cat antibiotics without pet prescription

  145. Davidson says:

    [url=https://medrxfast.com/#]buy prescription drugs online without[/url] prescription drugs without prior prescription

  146. Dustinnem says:

    https://medrxfast.com/# buy prescription drugs without doctor

  147. Dustinnem says:

    https://medrxfast.com/# canadian drug pharmacy

  148. Davidson says:

    [url=https://medrxfast.com/#]pain meds without written prescription[/url] mexican pharmacy without prescription

  149. Davidson says:

    [url=https://medrxfast.com/#]canadian drug[/url] carprofen without vet prescription

  150. Dustinnem says:

    https://medrxfast.com/# non prescription erection pills

  151. Dustinnem says:

    https://medrxfast.com/# ed drugs online from canada

  152. Dustinnem says:

    https://medrxfast.com/# prescription without a doctor’s prescription

  153. Davidson says:

    [url=https://medrxfast.com/#]pet meds without vet prescription[/url] pain meds without written prescription

  154. Dustinnem says:

    https://medrxfast.com/# pain meds online without doctor prescription

  155. Davidson says:

    [url=https://medrxfast.com/#]buy prescription drugs from india[/url] canadian drugstore online

  156. Davidson says:

    [url=https://medrxfast.com/#]buy prescription drugs without doctor[/url] online canadian drugstore

  157. Dustinnem says:

    https://medrxfast.com/# canadian pharmacy online

  158. Dustinnem says:

    https://medrxfast.com/# legal to buy prescription drugs from canada

  159. Dustinnem says:

    https://medrxfast.com/# buy prescription drugs online legally

  160. Davidson says:

    [url=https://medrxfast.com/#]canadian pharmacy online[/url] legal to buy prescription drugs without prescription

  161. Dustinnem says:

    https://medrxfast.com/# buy canadian drugs

  162. Davidson says:

    [url=https://medrxfast.com/#]legal to buy prescription drugs from canada[/url] ed prescription drugs

  163. DeshawnFus says:

    [url=https://wellbutrin.best/#]purchase wellbutrin[/url] wellbutrin pills

  164. DeshawnFus says:

    [url=https://ventolin.tech/#]ventolin australia buy[/url] can i buy ventolin over the counter in canada

  165. RalphSoiva says:

    https://valtrex.icu/# buy valtrex 1000 mg

  166. Raymondtuh says:

    https://tamoxifen.best/# tamoxifen buy
    [url=https://molnupiravir.life/#]molnupiravir ivermectin[/url] molnupiravir 400

  167. Raymondtuh says:

    https://tamoxifen.best/# benefits of tamoxifen
    [url=https://molnupiravir.life/#]molunpiravir[/url] molnupiravir merck covid

  168. JosephBeepe says:

    drugs not to take with viagra non prescription viagra alternative

  169. Raymondtuh says:

    https://viagracanada.xyz/# cheap viagra free shipping
    [url=https://tamoxifen.best/#]tamoxifen and antidepressants[/url] femara vs tamoxifen

  170. JosephBeepe says:

    viagra and cialis together how much does the military spend on viagra

  171. Raymondtuh says:

    https://viagracanada.xyz/# does viagra lower your blood pressure
    [url=https://viagracanada.xyz/#]does viagra stop you coming[/url] difference between viagra and cialis

  172. JosephBeepe says:

    how to get paxlovid nirmatrelvir and ritonavir

  173. Raymondtuh says:

    https://paxlovid.best/# paxlovid availability near me
    [url=https://tamoxifen.best/#]tamoxifen men[/url] tamoxifen men

  174. JosephBeepe says:

    how to enhance viagra effects is it safe to take viagra two days in a row

  175. Raymondtuh says:

    https://paxlovid.best/# paxlovid ingredients
    [url=https://tamoxifen.best/#]benefits of tamoxifen[/url] tamoxifen and grapefruit

  176. JosephBeepe says:

    how to get viagra prescription when to take viagra for best results

  177. DavidRoday says:

    ivermectin 3 mg para que sirve will ivermectin kill tapeworms

  178. DavidRoday says:

    ivermectin 3mg tablets price ivermectin 1mg

  179. Michaeltoift says:

    canadian pharmacies without an rx canadian pharmacies not requiring prescription

  180. Michaeltoift says:

    how to get prescription drugs without doctor buy prescription drugs online

  181. Michaeltoift says:

    prescription drugs from canada online buying from canadian online pharmacies

  182. Michaeltoift says:

    ed prescription drugs canadian drugs online

  183. I’ve been surfing on-line greater than 3 hours lately, yet I by no means discovered any fascinating article like yours. It¦s beautiful worth enough for me. In my opinion, if all webmasters and bloggers made good content material as you did, the internet will probably be a lot more helpful than ever before.

  184. Southgirls. Virgin girl gets her sweet cherry popped after getting pussy sucked
    giving her an mind blowing orgasm and experience
    rough painful penetration stretching open her pee
    size virgin.

  185. Michaelnum says:

    [url=https://erectionpills.top/#]medication for ed dysfunction[/url] best erectile dysfunction pills

  186. Michaelnum says:

    [url=https://antibioticwithoutpresription.shop/#]buy doxycycline without prescription uk[/url] buy zithromax without prescription online

  187. JasonDiC says:

    amoxicillin buy no prescription antibiotic without presription

  188. Watch video Asa Akira Asian nuru massage on Redtube, home of free Cumshot porn videos and Blowjob sex movies
    online. Video length: (10:00) Uploaded by Nuru Massage Starring Pornstar:
    Asa Akira.

  189. JasonDiC says:

    canada pharmacy not requiring prescription canadian pharmacy world coupon code

  190. Michaelnum says:

    [url=https://erectionpills.top/#]natural ed remedies[/url] pills erectile dysfunction

  191. Michaelnum says:

    [url=https://erectionpills.top/#]erection pills viagra online[/url] medications for ed

  192. Really good info can be found on blog.

  193. Herkes eşcinsel olmaz. Öyle bir şey yok.

    Eğer eşcinsellik bir hastalık olsaydı ve eşcinsellik toplumu gerçekten bitirseydi
    on binlerce yıldan bu yana toplum zaten bitmiş olmalıydı.
    Eşcinsellik yaradılışın ve biyolojik döngünün parçası ve doğanın seçilimidir.
    Ve bu seçilim aile kavramını yok etmez.

Leave a Reply