Hjartagrasaætt – Caryophyllaceae

Skrifað um June 4, 2013 · in Flóra · 170 Comments

Holurt (Silene uniflora) ber mörg nöfn, fálkapungur, geldingagras, galtarpungur, pokagras og fálkapungur, svo að nokkur séu nefnd. Í belgvíðum bikarnum eru oft flugur. Ljósm. ÁHB.

Holurt (Silene uniflora) ber mörg nöfn, geldingagras, galtarpungur, pokagras og fálkapungur, svo að nokkur séu nefnd. Í belgvíðum bikarnum eru oft flugur. Ljósm. ÁHB.

Til Caryophyllaceae (hjartagrasaættar) heyra einærar, tvíærar og fjölærar jurtir, en lágvaxin tré, runnar og klifurplöntur eru mjög sjaldséð innan hennar. Stöngull er uppréttur eða jarðlægur, oft með upphlaupin liðamót, jafnan jurtkenndur; sjaldan trékenndur við grunn. Blöð á stilk eða stilklaus, gagnstæð, skinkransstæð, í hvirfingu en sjaldan stakstæð; án axlarblaða eða með; allaga til striklaga, spaðalaga til breið-egglaga eða nærri kringlótt, þykkblaða eða ekki. Blaðrönd jafnan heil.

Blóm regluleg í kvíslskúfum, dúskum, sjaldan einstæð, tvíkynja, sjaldan einkynja, á stilk eða stilklaus. Stoðblöð gagnstæð, blaðlaga, oft lítil, jurt- eða hreisturkennd, á stundum engin. Bikar lausblaða eða samblaða, fjór- eða fimmdeildur; bikarblöð oft föst við aldin; án undirbikars eða með.
Krónublöð 4 eða 5 (á stundum engin), oft með grunna til djúpa skerðingu í broddinn, á stundum með smáhreisturflögur (ginleppa) innan í krónublöðunum rétt í blómgininu. Litur oftast hvítur til rósrauður, sjaldan gulgrænn.
Fræflar 1-10 (oftast þó 4, 5, 8 eða 10), oft í tveimur krönsum, oft margir geldfræflar. Ein fræva með 1-5(-6) stíla og 2-5 fræni, yfirsætin; einrýmt eggleg, sjaldan tvírýmt efst, miðstætt eggsæti með mörg egg.
Aldin hýði, sem opnast að ofan með tönnum eða hneta, sem opnast ekki fyrr en hún hefur losnað frá plöntunni. Fræ 1-150 eða fleiri, brún eða svört, geta líka verið hvít eða gul. Fræ rík af prótínum. Skordýrafrævun.

Til ættarinnar teljast um 90 ættkvíslir með um 3000 tegundir, sem vaxa aðallega í tempraða beltinu nyrðra og í fjalllendi við Miðjarðarhaf. Hérlendis vaxa villtar um 28 tegundir, sem tilheyra 11 ættkvíslum. Þá skjóta fáeinir slæðingar alltaf upp kolli af og til, en all margar tegundir eru ræktaðar í görðum og gróðurhúsum (nellikur)

Í eftirfarandi greiningarlykli eru íslenzkar ættkvíslir feitletraðar en kvíslir ræktaðra plantna og slæðinga ekki.

Greiningarlykill að ættkvíslum innan hjartagrasaættar:

1 Bikar samblaða …………………………………………………. 2
1 Bikar lausblaða eða aðeins samvaxinn neðst ………………………… 10

2 Blóm ein- eða tvíkynja. Stílar 3 eða 5 (enginn í karlblómi) …………. 3
2 Blóm tvíkynja. Stílar 2 …………………………………………. 6)

3 Bikar klofinn í langa flipa …………………….. akurstjarna (Agrostemma githago)
3 Bikar klofinn í stutta flipa ……………………………………………….. 4

4 Hýðið 6- eða 10-tennt. Stílar 3 eða 5 (enginn í karlblómi) ……… hjartagrös (Silene)
4 Hýðið 5-tennt. Stílar 5 ………………………………… 5

5 Krónublöðkur grunnt 2-flipaðar ………………………….. ljósberi (Viscaria alpina)
5 Krónublöðkur djúpt 4-flipaðar ……………………………. munkahettur (Lychnis)

(6 Með utanbikar við rætur bikarblaða ………………………………… 7)
(6 Bikar án utanbikars ……………………………………………… 8 )

7 Bikar himnukenndur ……………………………….. bergnellikur (Petrorhagia)
7 Bikar grænn, jurtkenndur …………………… drottningarblóm, nellikur (Dianthus)

8 Bikar með 5 vængjaða rimla …………………………. kúajurt (Vaccaria hispanica)
8 Bikar án vængjaðra rimla ………………………………………….. 9)

9 Bikar grænn, án himnufalds á milli bikarflipa. Króna með ginleppa … þvottajurtir (Saponaria)
9 Bikar með hvítan himnufald á milli bikarflipa. Króna án ginleppa …. blæjublóm (Gypsophila)

10 Blöð mjög mjó, þráðmjó eða allaga …………………………………… 11
10 Blöð flöt, alls ekki þráðmjó eða allaga ……………………………. 14

11 Stílar 3. 3-tennt hýði …………………………………………….. 12
11 Stílar 4 eða 5. 4- eða 6-tennt hýði …………………………………. 13

12 Axlarblöð himnukennd. Krónublöð oft rauðleit …………. flæðarbúi (Spergularia salina)
12 Engin axlarblöð. Krónublöð hvít, geta þó verið rauleit …………. arfanórur (Minuartia)

13 Axlarblöð himnukennd. Einær. Krónublöð hvít ……………… skurfa (Spergula arvensis)
13 Engin axlarblöð. Fjölær, sjaldan einær. Krónublöð hvít eða engin ………. kræklar (Sagina)

14 Krónublöð skert í broddinn eða eru engin ………………………….. 15
14 Krónublöð heil …………………………………………………… 17

15 Stílar 3 ……………………………………………………………. 16
15 Stílar 4 eða 5 ………………………………………………. fræhyrnur (Cerastium)

16 Krónublöð með grunna skerðingu ………. lækjafræhyrna (Cerastium cerastoides)
16 Krónublöð með djúpa skerðingu, klýfur þau nærri niður í gegn eða að minnsta kosti hálfa leið …………… arfar (Stellaria)

17 Blöð ketkennd. Blóm oft einkynja. Hýði 3-tennt …….. fjöruarfi (Honckenya peploides)
17 Blöð ekki ketkennd. Blóm tvíkynja. Hýði 6-tennt …….. skeggsandi (Arenaria norvegica)

 

Lambagras (Silene acaulis) vex upp af djúpstæðri stólparót, holtarót, og myndar oft hvelfdar þúfur. Ljósm. ÁHB.

Lambagras (Silene acaulis) vex upp af djúpstæðri stólparót, holtarót, og myndar oft hvelfdar þúfur. Ljósm. ÁHB.

ÁHB / 4. júní 2013

Leitarorð:

170 Responses to “Hjartagrasaætt – Caryophyllaceae”
  1. expacuava says:

    http://buypropeciaon.com/ – should i take propecia

  2. DenJab says:

    [url=http://tadalafiletab.com/]price of tadalafil 5 mg[/url]

  3. MaryJab says:

    [url=https://ordercitalopram.com/]citalopram 10mg online prescription[/url]

  4. KiaJab says:

    [url=http://ordertadalafiltablets.com/]buy tadalafil online[/url]

  5. LisaJab says:

    [url=https://buytadalafilbest.com/]order cheap cialis[/url]

  6. MarkJab says:

    [url=https://modafiniltbs.com/]where to buy modafinil in usa[/url]

  7. MaryJab says:

    [url=https://ordertadalafiltablets.com/]cialis soft generic[/url]

  8. Cialis says:

    Levitra Price Uk

  9. JudyJab says:

    [url=http://edrpharm.com/]kamagra 100mg india order online[/url]

  10. Stromectol says:

    Foro Cialis Original

  11. CarlJab says:

    [url=http://capntab.com/]accutane cream over the counter[/url]

  12. JudyJab says:

    [url=http://buyviagrapl.com/]viagra pills online usa[/url]

  13. PaulJab says:

    [url=https://buyivermectinmedication.com/]ivermectin lotion price[/url]

  14. AlanJab says:

    [url=http://viagraopharmacy.com/]viagra 50 mg coupon[/url]

  15. JasonJab says:

    [url=http://sildenafilvv.com/]cheap sildenafil online[/url]

  16. WimJab says:

    [url=http://cialistrial.online/]can you buy cialis online[/url] [url=http://clomidmed.online/]order clomid online usa[/url] [url=http://ivermectinactive.online/]price of ivermectin tablets[/url] [url=http://buymedpp.online/]erectafil 20 mg price[/url] [url=http://ivermectinchem.online/]ivermectin buy uk[/url] [url=http://cialisdt.online/]buy cialis 20mg online canada[/url] [url=http://viagrapos.online/]viagra price in india online[/url] [url=http://levaquine.online/]levaquin pack[/url]

  17. KiaJab says:

    [url=http://mdipoint.com/]lisinopril 10 mg 12.5mg[/url]

  18. PaulJab says:

    [url=https://cheapcialistablets.com/]cialis 5mg[/url]

  19. EyeJab says:

    [url=http://tadalafilgenericm.com/]buy cialis 20mg australia[/url]

  20. JasonJab says:

    [url=http://zithromaxab.com/]azithromycin online pharmacy canada[/url]

  21. BooJab says:

    [url=http://buysildenafildrug.online/]sildenafil tablets 100mg buy[/url] [url=http://viagramb.online/]viagra 2010[/url] [url=http://sildenafilpi.online/]sildenafil prices[/url]

  22. AlanJab says:

    [url=http://usxpharm.com/]kamagra jelly in australia[/url]

  23. Buy Doxycycline 30 Pills

  24. JudyJab says:

    [url=http://vspills.com/]trazodone 100 mg[/url]

  25. DenJab says:

    [url=http://tadalafiltabletsale.com/]tadalafil 5mg tablets in india[/url]

  26. AshJab says:

    [url=https://lynxpharmacy.online/]no prescription required pharmacy[/url] [url=https://agtadalafil.online/]tadalafil 20mg canada drug[/url] [url=https://cialisviagraforsale.online/]viagra tablets 100mg[/url] [url=https://viagracialisgen.online/]cialis price in mexico[/url] [url=https://cialisgenerictablets.online/]where can you buy cialis cheap[/url]

  27. expacuava says:

    https://buypropeciaon.com/ – does propecia regrow hair

  28. BooJab says:

    [url=http://cialispm.online/]cialis daily australia[/url] [url=http://tmviagra.online/]viagra 6800mg[/url] [url=http://viagraes.online/]viagra rx coupon[/url]

  29. MaryJab says:

    [url=https://ivermectinr.com/]ivermectin 0.08%[/url]

  30. gogdryper says:

    http://buysildenshop.com/ – dick on viagra

  31. UgoJab says:

    [url=https://adopharmacy.online/]legitimate canadian pharmacies[/url] [url=https://buytadalafiltablets.online/]tadalafil pills online[/url] [url=https://connpills.online/]plaquenil malaria[/url]

  32. WimJab says:

    [url=http://pharmacytwo.online/]capsule online pharmacy[/url] [url=http://midviagra.online/]buy cheap viagra from india[/url] [url=http://amoxicillinamoxil.online/]can you buy amoxicillin online us[/url] [url=http://ataraxpill.online/]atarax tablet[/url] [url=http://pharmacysaleonline.online/]canadianpharmacymeds[/url] [url=http://orderantidepressants.online/]celexa citalopram[/url]

  33. AmyJab says:

    [url=http://mdipoint.com/]lisinopril 10 mg tablet[/url]

  34. emurmouri says:

    https://buytadalafshop.com/ – buy cialis online with prescription

  35. effenny says:

    http://buystromectolon.com/ – stromectol prescription

  36. LisaJab says:

    [url=https://cialisvd.com/]cialis brand name online[/url]

  37. JasonJab says:

    [url=http://sildenafilpropills.com/]how much is real viagra[/url]

  38. CarlJab says:

    [url=http://orderwithnorx.com/]combivent 250 mg pharmacy[/url]

  39. MarkJab says:

    [url=https://ivermectinr.com/]stromectol 12mg[/url]

  40. JudyJab says:

    [url=http://onlinepharmacyexpress.com/]rx online pharmacy[/url]

  41. PaulJab says:

    [url=https://cymbaltaduloxetin.com/]cymbalta 60 mg tablets[/url]

  42. EyeJab says:

    [url=http://generictadalafiltab.com/]tadalafil canada 20mg[/url]

  43. DenJab says:

    [url=http://orderivermectina.com/]stromectol tablets uk[/url]

  44. PaulJab says:

    [url=https://buyprednisolonepills.com/]generic prednisolone otc[/url]

  45. WimJab says:

    [url=http://tadalafilsex.online/]where to order tadalafil tablets[/url] [url=http://intelpills.online/]generic for zofran[/url] [url=http://cialiscp.online/]buy cialis daily[/url] [url=http://buyivermectinpills.online/]ivermectin lotion 0.5[/url] [url=http://ltepharmacy.online/]internet pharmacy mexico[/url] [url=http://tadalafil20x.online/]tadalafil 12mg[/url] [url=http://ataraxtab.online/]atarax 25 mg price in india[/url] [url=http://viagradpack.online/]viagra 25[/url]

  46. EyeJab says:

    [url=http://modafinilbestbuy.com/]provigil pills for sale[/url]

  47. AshJab says:

    [url=https://cialisbbv.online/]where can i buy cialis tablets[/url] [url=https://gopharmi.online/]trazodone brand name in canada[/url] [url=https://profpills.online/]neurontin capsules[/url] [url=https://medicinecialis.online/]cialis 10mg price[/url]

  48. AmyJab says:

    [url=http://lasixforsale.com/]lasix medication over the counter[/url]

  49. UgoJab says:

    [url=https://tadalafilbuyb.online/]tadalafil rx[/url] [url=https://sildenafilspill.online/]100mg sildenafil for sale[/url]

  50. AlanJab says:

    [url=http://cialisbuygeneric.com/]cialis daily cheap[/url]

  51. BooJab says:

    [url=http://sildenafilttab.online/]sildenafil 20 mg online prescription[/url] [url=http://tadalafilutab.online/]how much is tadalafil 20mg[/url] [url=http://tadalafilxz.online/]tadalafil 40 mg uk[/url] [url=http://sildenafilftab.online/]75 mg sildenafil[/url] [url=http://antabusetablets.online/]how much is antabuse in australia[/url] [url=http://drtadalafil.online/]how much is tadalafil 20mg[/url] [url=http://viagrapv.online/]viagra over the counter mexico[/url] [url=http://tadalafilxt.online/]tadalafil cost pharmacy[/url]

  52. EyeJab says:

    [url=http://viagralt.com/]how to get sildenafil[/url]

  53. AlanJab says:

    [url=http://buyivermectinx.com/]ivermectin buy uk[/url]

  54. Uniodedob says:

    http://buyzithromaxinf.com/ – 78 buy azithromycin chlamydia treatment

  55. Lasix says:

    Comment Utiliser Le Cialis

  56. JasonJab says:

    [url=http://cialisbuygeneric.com/]cialis 1800mg[/url]

  57. KiaJab says:

    [url=http://amoxicillinotc.com/]online amoxicillin prescription[/url]

  58. AshJab says:

    [url=https://cialista.online/]purchase cialis in usa[/url] [url=https://happyfamilymedstore.online/]online pharmacy same day delivery[/url]

  59. UgoJab says:

    [url=https://effexorbuy.online/]effexor 150 mg pill[/url] [url=https://unocialis.online/]cheapest brand cialis[/url] [url=https://prozacpharm.online/]order prozac online uk[/url] [url=https://intelpills.online/]how much is zofran cost[/url] [url=https://levaquinlevofloxacin.online/]levaquin[/url] [url=https://prednisonetablet.online/]prednisone 500 mg[/url] [url=https://viagraii.online/]order viagra online india[/url]

  60. Priligy says:

    Viagra 100mg Import Reimport

  61. EyeJab says:

    [url=http://xviagratablets.com/]sildenafil generic without prescription[/url]

  62. SMOONREST says:

    http://buyplaquenilcv.com/ – plaquenil covid19

  63. MarkJab says:

    [url=https://viagravb.com/]buy generic viagra online free shipping[/url]

  64. DenJab says:

    [url=http://tadalafilhot.com/]best canadian cialis[/url]

  65. PaulJab says:

    [url=https://buycialisbestprice.com/]cheapest cialis us[/url]

  66. CarlJab says:

    [url=http://viagraetabs.com/]buy viagra 25 mg online india[/url]

  67. JasonJab says:

    [url=http://sildenafiledtablets.com/]sildenafil tablets 100mg india[/url]

  68. Zithromax says:

    Overdose Amoxicillin

  69. JudyJab says:

    [url=http://modafinilbestbuy.com/]modafinil over the counter usa[/url]

  70. KiaJab says:

    [url=http://antabusegeneric.com/]buying antabuse online[/url]

  71. AmyJab says:

    [url=http://orderivermectinforhumans.com/]ivermectin drug[/url]

  72. SMOONREST says:

    https://buyplaquenilcv.com/ – buy hydroxychloroquine 200 mg

  73. knizede says:

    http://buypriligyhop.com/ – reddit where buy priligy

  74. Wishene says:

    https://buylasixshop.com/ – buy lasix cheap legitimate

  75. Enquide says:

    http://prednisonebuyon.com/ – can i leagally buy prednisone online

  76. Neurontine says:

    Viagra Umsatz Pfizer

  77. Prednisone says:

    Amoxicillin Dosage For Kittens

  78. Enquide says:

    http://prednisonebuyon.com/ – buy prednisone no rx from canada

  79. joypehops says:

    https://buyneurontine.com/ – neurontin 300 mg for nerve pain

  80. Cialis says:

    Cialis Kaufen In Hamburg

  81. cialis price says:

    Generique Amoxicillin Pharmacie En Ligne En Germany

  82. Propecia says:

    Procurer Du Viagra Sans Ordonnance

  83. Некероване кохання 14 серія Некероване кохання 14 серія
    yunb ddnznz Смотреть онлайн сериал Некероване кохання / Любовь без тормозов 14 серия
    Некероване кохання / Любовь без тормозов: 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15,16 СЕРИЯ (украина)

  84. Cialis Generico Economico

  85. What Is Amoxicillin Use For

  86. Viagra says:

    Use Of Zithromax

  87. Viagra says:

    Discount Erectile Dysfunction Drugs

  88. Priligy says:

    quiero comprar viagra en farmacia

  89. Lasix says:

    order generic worldwide isotretinoin 10mg tablet usa

  90. Priligy Dapoxetin Gunstig Kaufen

  91. Does Keflex Cover Group A Streptococcus

  92. Prednisone says:

    Cialis E Disturbi

  93. ronimmawn says:

    Buy Citalopram Online Uk buy generic cialis online safely

  94. Vitamins That Work With Amoxicillin

  95. Effets Secondaires Cialis Viagra

  96. blumb says:

    Two hours after faxing the Vast card number,the unit was set up and running. I believe the picture is better than the old vast receiver. I tried to use the learning function on the remote to sinc my T.V. and the decoder to the remote but was unsuccessful. I probably wasn’t doing it right. Anyway, I am more than satisfied with it as is. The 4921 RV is perfectly suited to mobile caravan use due to its features, operating voltage, compact size and infra red receiver port but is also ideal for home use as it includes a 240V power transformer. A well laid out, easy to navigate menu and program guide along with its seamless recording ability makes the 4921RV stand out as the leading VAST decoder. With integrated features that support upcoming software implementations such as HbbTV and MS PlayReady you can be assured of compatibility now and in the future. https://sora.news/community/profile/bradbroadnax10/ With the Android TV box, you will also find a headphone that will help you listen to the audio clearly while streaming the videos on TV using the Android TV box. Thanks to the inclusion of the HomeKit and Airplay2 features, you can connect the box with your iPhone or any other Apple device, including the Macbook. In addition, a USB-A port is present, which will help you connect the Android TV box with an external storage device like a USB. Even though the local storage has high capacity, it’s better to store the recorded videos and songs on an external device. NasaTV is not scam. I am using it right now and its very good Register on Gearbest: Earn 10 points The box is powered by the Android 9.0 operating system, which should satisfy most users. Although there are some reasonably priced TV boxes that are already running Android 10.0, it is questionable which is the better option. While 10.0 is the most recent version, 9.0 was created specifically for Android TV and remains one of the most stable operating systems for your TV box.

  97. prafefata says:

    viagra in kuwait viagra yes or no Amoxicillin Strain Bacteria

  98. Absomma says:

    buy cialis online now cialis on line cialis 200mg

  99. RoryArofs says:

    furosemide diuretic furosemide dosage for dogs furosemide structure

  100. Affelry says:

    where can i buy prednisone over the counter for dogs is prednisone from overseas safe buy prednisone in nebulizer for pneumonia

  101. neentar says:

    viagra priligy priligy walgreens Generic Propecia Best Price

  102. anolymn says:

    Cephalexin For Uti Phesiphesy http://www.alevitrasp.com

Leave a Reply