Bartramia – strýmosar

Skrifað um February 1, 2015 · in Mosar · 47 Comments

Bartramia ithyphylla með gróhirzlur. Ljósm. ÁHB.

Bartramia ithyphylla með gróhirzlur. Ljósm. ÁHB.


Ættkvíslin Bartramia Hedw. (strýmosar) telst til Bartramiaceae (strýmosaættar) ásamt þremur öðrum kvíslum hérlendis, Philonotis (hnappmosum), Conostomum (þófamosum) og Plagiopus (bólsturmosum). Rúmlega 70 tegundum hefur verið lýst og af þeim eru 28 almennt viðteknar. Fjórar tegundir vaxa á Norðurlöndum, þar af þrjár á Íslandi.

 

Greiningarlykill að tegundum innan ættkvíslarinnar Bartramia:
1. Blaðgrunnur hvítleitur og lykur um stöngul; blöð mjókka snöggt fram í langan og mjóan framhluta. Þurr blöð bein …. 2
1. Blaðgrunnur ekki hvítleitur; blöð mjókka smám saman fram í langan framhluta. Þurr blöð hrokkin …. B. pomiformis

2. Gróhirzlustilkur 0,5-2,5 cm langur. Opkrans vel þroskaður. Blaðfrumur 20-56 µm á lengd með lágar vörtur ……. B. ithyphylla
2. Gróhirzlustilkur 0,3-0,6 cm langur. Opkrans lítt þroskaður eða stuttur (<230 µm). Blaðfrumur 13-40 µm á lengd með háar vörtur ……. B. breviseta

 

Bartramia ithyphylla – barðastrý

Bartramia breviseta – strandastrý

Bartramia pomiformis – Nýfundin tegund hérlendis, hefur ekki fengið nafn á íslenzku

 

Helztu heimildir:
A.J.E. Smith, 2004: The Moss Flora of Britain and Ireland. Cambridge University Press
Ágúst H. Bjarnason, 2010: Greiningarlykill að ættkvíslum íslenzkra blaðmosa (Musci) ásamt tegundaskrá. Fjölrit Vistfræðistofu n:r 40. Reykjavík.
Bergþór Jóhannsson: Íslenskir mosar. Fjölrit Náttúrufræðistofnunar n:r 26. Janúar 1995.
Elsa Nyholm, 1998: Illustrated Flora of Nordic Mosses. Fasc. 4. Copenhagen and Lund.
Tomas Hallingbäck et al.: Bladmossor: Kompaktmossor-kapmossor. ArtDatabanken, Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet. Uppsala 2008.
Tomas Hallingbäck, Ingmar Holmåsen, 2008: Mossor. En fälthandbok. Interpublishing. Stockholm.

 

ÁHB / 1. febrúar 2015

P.s. Höfundur hlaut styrk frá Hagþenki 2014 til ritstarfa.

 


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